African American Redress Network: Spanish Case

  • EUROM is currently working in the implementation of the Spanish case within the African American Redress Network in collaboration with the Institute for the Study of Human Rights of Columbia University and the  Thurgood Marshall Civil Rights Center of the Howard University. 
  • The project aims to identify processes of historical injustice for which there are processes of reparation and memorialization;
  • The Spanish work team is coordinated by Oriol Lopez (EUROM) in collaboration with Dr. Celeste Muñoz Martinez (University of Barcelona) and will be composed by three MA students.

The African American Redress Network is the result of a collaboration between Howard University’s Thurgood Marshall Civil Rights Center and Columbia University’s Institute for the Study of Human Rights, created as an urgent response to the discourse on reparations and social justice in the United States and abroad.

Lynchings by states and counties in the United States, 1900-1931. Data from Research Department, Tuskegee Institute [New York, NY: American Map Company, 1931]

Lynchings by states and counties in the United States, 1900-1931. Data from Research Department, Tuskegee Institute [New York, NY: American Map Company, 1931]

What are we going to identify?

 Processes of historical injustice for which there are processes of reparation and memorialization in Spain, including:

  • Legislative bills that include colonial and slave-owning historical memory
  • Removal/resignification/request for removal of monuments
  • Renaming of streets or squares
  • Education plans that integrate the colonial vision and racism.
  • Protest movements and entities/associations dealing with the visibility and reparation of the colonial, slave-owning past and racism, including hate crimes in the present. (Researcher 3)
  • Cultural awareness-raising initiatives (exhibitions/workshops…)
  • Reparation and restitution processes (return of patrimony, museums, compensation, etc.)

Historical periods

  • Slavery 1609 – 1865
  • Colonialism 1854 – 1975
  • Civil Rights fight in present 1980-present

Historical injustices classification

  • Slavery
  • Colonialism
  • Racist violence
  • Racial Discrimination

Background

Press release: Columbia and Howard Universities Launch U.S. African American Redress Network

The pilot project documented more than 100 local efforts to redress historical racist incidents along the Atlantic Coast from Delaware to Florida.

As police violence and structural racism continue to pose a grave threat to American society as seen in both the death of George Floyd and the coronavirus pandemic, which has disproportionately affected people of color, the Redress Network aims to better understand how communities are addressing historic racial transgressions. It also expects to increase awareness of redress efforts across different regions and fields such as activism, academia and policy-making.

Categories of redress are framed within the U.N. international covenant on civil and political rights (2004), which offered guidance on reparations. This covenant expounded that states are obligated to assure basic human rights and further maintained that when states fail to do so, there is a legal obligation to make reparations.

In an initial pilot period, the project focused on the South Atlantic region along the US Atlantic Coast, from Delaware to Florida. Using rigorous vetting and assessment practices, the researchers spent six months documenting more than 100 local efforts to address historical wrongdoings within this region. Preliminary findings demonstrated that explicit local reparations were evident throughout the U.S. except for the far Northwest, such as Montana and Washington. The project is being expanded thoughout the collaboration of civil society in the US.

 

 

 

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