Taking the year of 1976 in Spain as starting point, the seminar will focus on the analysis and interpretation of dynamics and historical changes – social, cultural, economic and political – that occurred in Southern European societies in the seventies. In that moment, one year after Franco’s death, Spain was experiencing the very beginning of the transition to democracy, marked by the arise of social movements and social mobilizations.
Democracy was also being recovered in Greece and Portugal in the throes of popular demonstrations and a climate of uncertainty. In Italy, political situation and social context led to the definition of “the years of lead”, a mix of instability and political violence. And France was forging a politics of alliances, focused on the “union of the left”. The role of social movements and civil society was a key element in all these processes. It resulted in projects of social transformation that mainly and during some time, settled the frame mark of the political agenda.
The program underlines also the particular importance of the articulation process of urban systems that were forged alongside with the process of modernization of the twentieth century. A network of European cities that became the scenario of political processes, economic and social changes that took place over a whole decade, now highlighted as the end of an era and yet open to the changes that marked the turn of the century.
09.30 Institutional opening
10.00 Opening speech:
Geoff Eley, University of Michigan. The left in the seventies in Southern Europe: which turning point was it facing?
Andrea Sangiovanni, Università di Teramo. Two societies: the Left in Italy in the ’70s
Presentation: Paola Lo Cascio, Universidade Nova de lisboa – ICS
Xavier Vigna, Université de Bourgogne. The French left facing social movements in the seventies
Presentation: Nadia Varo, member of the editorial board of Segle XX magazine
Giulia Strippoli, Universidade Nova de Lisboa – IHC. Anti-fascism, anti-colonialism, anti-imperialism. The Portuguese left in the seventies
Presentation: Steven Forti, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona – CEFID
Magda Fytili, Universitat d’Atenes. The Greek left the seventies: from underground and radicalism to legalization and social appeasement
Presentation: José Manuel Rúa, Universitat de Barcelona, member of the editorial board of Segle XX magazine
Carme Molinero, directora del CEFID, UAB. The left in Spain during the seventies: from antifrancoist mobilization to crises
Presentation: Jordi Guixé, European Observatory on Memories – Universitat de Barcelona
17.30 Book presentation: Las izquierdas en tiempos de transición (The left in time of transition). PUV, 2016. With Carme Molinero and Pere Ysàs (editors).