Women and Children in a Europe in War (1919-1949)

  • The exhibition Women and children in a Europe in War (1919-1949) will be on display at the Small Fortress Terezín from September 16 until November 25;
  • Organized in the framework of the project MIGRAID, it highlights the role of women during the conflicts that took place in Europe from 1919 and 1949, with a focus on the humanitarian aid and the consequences of wars for children and displaced populations;
  • The exhibit also underlines the memorial work carried out on these issues by the Museo de la Paz de Gernika (Spain), the Memorial of Terezín (Czech Republic,), the National Contemporary Museum of Slovenia, the Fossoli Camp (Italy), and the Maison d’Izieu (France), partners of the project;
  • The opening ceremony will take place on September 16 at 2 PM at the foyer of the cinema.

Children in the “paradisiacal” ghetto of Terezín (1944). Maurice Rossel. © ACICR (V-P-HIST-01160-32).


Until 1945, of the approximately 155,000 men, women and children who passed through the Terezín ghetto, close to 35,000 died of hunger, overcrowding, diseases and executions. Around 88,000 were deported to the ghettos of Riga, Warsaw and Minsk, as well as other places in occupied Eastern Europe and to the extermination camps of Auschwitz, Treblinka and Majdanek.

In 1944, the interns of Terezín were witnesses and heroes of an event unique to that date in the Nazi concentration system. Doctor Maurice Rossel, head of the delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), visited the ghetto. It was the first authorised visit of a humanitarian institution in World War II.

For this purpose, the ghetto was presented as an autonomous “Jewish settlement” where the Jews received “humanitarian” treatment, playing an important role in Nazi propaganda to mask the atrocities that the Third Reich was committing in Europe. After the visit, Rossel wrote his report, in which he indicated the generally satisfactory state of the ghetto, “a city with a virtually normal life”.


The travelling exhibition has been presented at La Model in Barcelona and is now available online. It will soon be diplayed also in Madrid.


Sep. 16 - Nov. 25, 2021


Památník Terezín (Terezín Memorial)
Principova alej 304
CZ – 411 55 Terezín

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