Humanitarian Aid to the Civilian Population in a Europe at War (1914-1949)

International Congress

This International Congress aims to draw attention to the importance, interest, need and timeliness of humanitarian aid and to disseminate and encourage knowledge and debate about the activities of relief organisations, delegates and volunteers during some of the most turbulent periods in Europe’s 20th-century history.

This recent European past, in which the solidarity efforts of these organizations allowed for the rescue and survival of groups of civilian populations in dark times, makes us reflect on the present, which is also marked by conflicts, environmental disasters, violence, hunger, and persecution that force population movements and their survival in very difficult contexts. To all this, we must add the pandemic caused by COVID-19, which is confronting us with new situations that, once again, have a greater impact on the most vulnerable and helpless people.

It will highlight the memory and history of different kinds of relief assistance provided to the civilian population in the interwar period and the post-war period, epochs characterized by enormous human loss, massive destruction, hardship, displacement, famine, internment, deportation, forced labor, genocide and the extermination of populations.

The two-day conference is one of the main activities of the European project MIGRAIDMigrations and Humanitarian Aid in Europe

 

 

Capacity and registration

The registration period is open until 15 March. Given the pandemic circumstances, it will be possible to attend in person or semi-personally within a limited capacity of 40 and 75 people respectively Prior registration is required for those who want a certificate of attendance. The congress will also be broadcasted live on Youtube.

Simultaneous translation will be available both in the room and in the Zoom platform.


PROGRAMME

17 March 2021 

MORNING SESSION 

9:00h Welcome reception

9:30-10:00 h Opening session: Ricardo Mairal Usón (UNED Rector) and Valerio Rocco Lozano (Director of Círculo de Bellas Artes)

10:00-10:45h
Opening keynote: Alicia Alted Vigil (UNED): El compromiso humanitario de las mujeres: De la Guerra Civil Española a los primeros años de la segunda Posguerra Europea 

10:45-11.15h: Coffee Break

11:15-12:45h

Round Table: Types of relief to the civilian population  

Chair:   Jon Arrizabalaga Valbuena (CSIC)

Speakers: Ángela Cenarro Lagunas (Universidad de Zaragoza): Estado y  sociedad civil en la protección social durante la guerra civil; Àlvar Martínez- Vidal (Universidad de Valencia): Medicina humanitaria e innovación tecnológica entre las dos guerras mundiales; Miguel Cabañas Bravo (CSIC): La ayuda y solidaridad de Picasso con los artistas del exilio republicano español  

12:45-13:30h: Debate and remarks

AFTERNOON SESSION 

16:00- 17:30h
Round Table: Camps, deportation and extermination. From History to Memory 

Chair: Diego Gaspar Celaya (Universidad de Zaragoza)

Speakers: Francesca Schintu (Fondazione Fossoli): Dealing with a difficult heritage: the experience of the Fossoli Camp Foundation; Tomáš Fedorovič (Terezín Memorial): Terezín Ghetto – a central point of the transfer of the civilians in the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia; Iratxe Momoitio Astorkia (Museo de la Paz de Gernika)- Gernika (26/04/1937), preludio de los bombardeos masivos contra civiles en Europa 

17:30-18:00: Discussion and remarks

18:00-18:30h: Coffee Break

18:30-19:15h:
Keynote Lecture: Dominique Vidau (Maison d’Izieu)
Sabine Zlatin: salvamiento, tragedia y memoria de los niños de Izieu (1943-1994) 

 

18 March 2021 

MORNING SESSION 

10-10:30h
Round Table: Communications and humanitarian aid  

Chair: Daniel Sánchez Salas (URJC)

Speakers: Sébastien Farré (Université de Genève): Objetos, carteles y películas. Las exposiciones de la Cruz Roja durante la Segunda Guerra mundial; Hugo García (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid): Solidaridad, antifascismo y propaganda durante la Guerra Civil española; Alberto Pena Rodríguez (Universidad de Vigo): Ayuda humanitaria, medios de comunicación y legitimación del franquismo en Portugal durante la Guerra Civil española    

10:30-11h: Discussion and remarks

11-11:30: Coffee Break

11:30-12:15h:
Keynote Lecture: Daniel Palmieri (CICR)
Perfect victims? Children in the ICRC’s communication 

 12:30-13:30h
Round Table:
Book presentation Los olvidados del exilio. Cartas de los últimos refugiados españoles.

Speakers: Juan Cruz Ruiz, Gutmaro Gómez Bravo (UCM), Jesús Egido y Ritama Muñoz-Rojas 

AFTERNOON SESSION 

16:00-17:30h
Round Table: From aid to humanitarian action. Lessons from the past to the present

Chair: Plan Internacional 

Speakers: David del Campo (Save the Children), Iñigo Vila Guerra (Cruz Roja Española), Anna Spezie (Servicio Civil Internacional-SCI), Léa Bailly (SCI volunteer), Stephan Basile (SCI volunteer)

17:30-18:00h: Coffee Break

18:00-18:45h:
Closing speech: Jordi Guixé Corominas (EUROM-Universidad de Barcelona): Memorias múltiples sobre la ayuda humanitaria en nuestro pasado conflictivo. Ejemplos históricos y apuntes sobre el futuro 

18:45-19:15h: Closing ceremony

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