25 April is a national holiday in Portugal. Known as Freedom Day (Portuguese: Dia da Liberdade), it commemorates the “Carnation Revolution”, a popular demonstration that took place that day in 1974 to celebrate the end of the dictatorship and war in the colonies. During that day, carnations were put into the muzzles of rifles and on the uniforms of the army men. The revolution started as a military coup organized by the Armed Forces Movement (Movimento das Forças Armadas, MFA) composed of military officers who opposed the regime, but the movement was soon coupled with an unanticipated and popular campaign of civil resistance. This movement would lead to the fall of the Estado Novo and the withdrawal of Portugal from its African colonies and East Timor.